InfyOm Blog

latest-post

What is Laravel?

Laravel is the most popular PHP framework right now to develop web applications, it offers a very easy environment and services for developers.

In this blog, we are going to know about the packages that we must have to use while developing any laravel application.

Best Laravel Packages

Here we are going to see some best and top laravel packages that will help you to optimize your application performance and it's also very useful while doing the development.

IDE Helper

Github: https://github.com/barryvdh/laravel-ide-helper

It's a very helpful package and saves lots of time for the developer.

It will generate the helper file which enables our IDE to provide accurate autocompletion while doing the development.

Laravel Debugbar

Github : https://github.com/barryvdh/laravel-debugbar

This is very helpful when we have to check the page performance, in sense of how many queries are firing on the specific page? , how many models are loading? etc.

We can show the total processing time of the page, and the query results time too. by using that results we can do some refactor to our code and make our application more optimized.

Spatie Medialibrary

Github : https://github.com/spatie/laravel-medialibrary

This package is very useful when we are doing file uploads. also, it allows us to upload files to the s3 (AWS) very easily by changing just the file system driver.

The main functionality it has is it allows us to associate files with the Eloquent models.

Spatie Role Permission

Github : https://github.com/spatie/laravel-permission

It's 2022 and still, lots of developers are using the custom roles/permissions management. they even didn't familiar that this package have capabilities to manage each role/permissions management with a specific Eloquent model too.

We can assign roles or permissions to the user model or even any model. later we can check it via the middleware that this package is providing.

Ziggy

Github : https://github.com/tighten/ziggy

Before using this package you must need to implement the named routes into your laravel application.

Normally people can just provide a hardcoded URL into the JS file while doing the AJAX calls. But with this package, you can use the route we are using in blade files.

This allows us to use the route() helper method in the JS files.

June 09, 20222 minutesuserVishal Ribdiya

Posts

How To Grow Your Business - 2

Here is part one of How To Grow Your Business - 1

Introduction

You can only develop products and services that are very effective if you pay attention to the needs of your customers and prospects. One way to understand exactly what your customers want is through research and surveys.

8. Create a sales funnel

The first way to grow your business faster is by creating a sales funnel. If you do not have a sales funnel, you are making a big mistake. Sales funnels can help automate your business.

It helps you grow and grow quickly and easily. Sure, there are some front-end functions involved. Is natural. But, once those processes are suspended, they will travel easily from there.

9. Use a customer management system

Manually tracking transactions is difficult. No one wants to do that. It becomes a burden as the business grows. If you want to scale quickly, use a customer management system.

10. Competition research

When going to the market, and you are really looking to get your offer out to the public, you need to research the competition. Frasier says he uses two platforms to do his own research. The first is the same web.

11. Create a customer loyalty program

Loyalty programs are the best way to increase sales. It costs three times more to acquire new customers than to sell something to an existing customer.

Other resources pin this number anywhere from four to 10 times more. However, whichever way you cut it, getting new customers is expensive.

12. Identify new opportunities

Analyze new opportunities in your business by better understanding your demographics. Understand everything from distribution channels to your direct competitors, and also analyze overseas markets and other potential industries.

With the right amount of potential analysis, you are likely to immediately pursue dozens of new opportunities.

13. Create an email list

One of the best and most effective ways to grow a business quickly is to create an email list. Clearly, that means you need to have a lead magnet.

14. Think of the franchise model.

If you have a successful business, and you are trying to grow really fast, consider franchising it. Although franchise costs are high and moving towards a franchise model is complex and it takes a lot in marketing, how can it all make a difference if you are looking for really fast growth.

September 15, 20202 minutesauthorAnkit Kalathiya
Employee Morale: Play significant role in Business Development  part-2
We all know that human behavior is difficult to understand & explain yet we need to take care of our Human Capital to develop & maintain the productivity & profitability of the organization.

In the last blog, we have discussed what is Morale, Characteristics of Morale, Relation between morale and Productivity. Let’s move further to-

Factors determining morale

Measurement of Morale: why ??

Factors Determining morale

  • Sound & Effective Organisation
  • Opportunity to rise
  • Remuneration
  • Personal attributes
  • satisfaction level
  • Supervision level
  • Nature of work

1-Organization

It may sound surprising but the Organisation Itself plays a significant role in shaping an employee's attitude. The NAME & FAME of the Organisation plays vital roles to determine employee morale. The Reputation of the organization builds the attitude of their employee better or worse towards it... For Instance- Someone who works for Google is more likely to take ownership in comparison to the person who is working for a small XYZ software company.

2-Opportunity to rise

If the person found their personal growth within the organization, it boosts the morale of an employee. On the other side no possibility of personal growth decrease Morale of the employee

3-Personal attributes

Physical and mental health also play a major role in determining employee Morale. If the person is not physically or mentally fit for a particular role, this can be an obstacle in learning and progress at the workplace It leads to low morale.

4-Remuneration

It's a vital factor to determine the level of employee morale, If the employee feels he/she discriminates based on pay scale it leads to dissatisfaction with the organization.

5-Satisfaction level

If employees are satisfied with the Work role, there will be more energy in the system. Satisfaction arrived from various factors such as Company image, Pay scale, Working conditions, Growth opportunities, Welcoming attitude of new ideas, learning attitudes, Training, etc.

6- Supervision Level

The level of supervision received by an employee is a tremendous factor that affects morale. More the supervision, less the enthusiasm. No one likes a big boss over his/her head. Too much monitoring and supervision make people feel nervous and this hampers the performance rather than improving it.

7-Nature of work

The nature of work also plays a significant role in employee morale. If the work is repetitive or involve long working hours it affect employee morale negatively

Measurement of Morale

The big question is why we need to measure employee morale ????
The company depends on employees for Everything from production to accounting & finance (Profit & loss ). If they are happy, they perform their job more efficiently which ups the success of the business as well as profitability. On the other hand, poor employee Morale can harm Business-dropping productivity and raise the turnover rate.
While running the business we should constantly pay attention to our employee morale to maintain the health of the organization.

While measuring Employee Morale we need to consider following things

  • Ask the right question
  • Don’t ask anything in annoying way
  • Follow the performance data first
  • Take the employee of the clock
  • Listen to what they say
  • Keep eye on their project
Well, Employee morale is a broad concept. To know more about Employee Morale please read my upcoming blog…
In the next blog, we will see Measurement of employee morale, Significance of high morale, Demerits of low morale…..
September 13, 20203 minutesauthorMariyam Bemat
How to create glow effect in photoshop

Step 1: Selection of your Subject

select any selection tool for selection but select the Quick selection tool.

select your subject and press select and mask setting

2020-12-11_5fd30647f2a82

Step 2: Edit your Subject

  1. Open property and select onion skin and transparency 50%
  2. Refine edge brush tool and then refine edge
  3. Set contrasts 9%
  4. Output setting on
  5. Tick decontaminate colors amount 100%
  6. Output to a new layer with layer mask then press OK

2020-12-11_5fd307135f8ec

Step 3: Crop the Upper part of the subject

Select layer mask and press ctrl + click for selection and new cut out the upper part to polygonal lasso tool. select perfectly then select layer and ctrl+j for duplicate layer

2020-12-11_5fd30764bf1fc

Step 4: Create an effect for Background

Create Ctrl+G for the group layer, select the last layer and create a color lookup effect.

Then 3D lut file and select moonlight.3dl. and then Create a new effect black & white Opacity set 50%

2020-12-11_5fd309224b0ce

Step 5: Create Effect for Main Subject

Select the group layer and convert this layer to a Smart Object.

Then create this layer duplicate. then create a color style to the top layer in linear Dodge(Add).

Then go to the

2020-12-11_5fd309f0a9d2c

  1. Filter - blur - Gaussian blur Create radius - 5 for soft edges
  2. Create a duplicate layer and double click on the smart filter and Create a radius of 100

2020-12-11_5fd30a00d1eea

  1. again Create a duplicate layer and double click on the smart filter and Create a radius of 2504. again Create a duplicate layer and double click on the smart filter and Create a radius of 500 then add hue/saturation adjustment layer and click on create clipping mask then click on colorize and increase the saturation to your perfect and choose a color

2020-12-11_5fd30a6250351

Step 6: Create All effects in the subject

Select the main layer mask image and create effect curves.

And click on create effect curves and click on create clipping mask and curves per requirement select layer mask and select the brush tool. and set property opacity 100%flow 30%

2020-12-11_5fd30ab6dfb02

Create a duplicate hue/saturation effect layer and set this layer to the bottom of the main object and select this layer and open property and click ok create a clipping mask.

And select the mask and make sure the foreground color is white.

And give shade to the object and you can also adjust the opacity.

Step 7: Add the sparkle and give effect

Let's add sparkle and change the blending yo screen.

2020-12-11_5fd30b69e1b01

Then add a mask and convert to invert the layer and select brush tool.set foreground color is white and creates an effect in the main object after creating effect open blending mode and create a level and click on create a clipping mask and set property per requirement.

Then open blending mode and select color lookup and set 3dlutfile to crisp_warm: look and set opacity as per requirement.

Now finally ready to glow effect

2020-12-11_5fd30bbe60c28

September 10, 20202 minutesauthorKishan Savaliya
How To Grow Your Business - 1

Introduction

You can only develop products and services that are very effective if you pay attention to the needs of your customers and prospects. One way to understand exactly what your customers want is through research and surveys.

1. Understand your customers

You can only develop products and services that will be a big hit if you pay attention to the needs of your customers and prospects. One way to understand exactly what your customers want is through research and surveys. You should constantly invite them to give honest, brutal feedback.

Reviews and surveys are the best way to get into the minds of your customers. This makes it easier for you to develop products and services that are appropriate to the current demands of the market. Moreover, it helps you understand the area in which your company needs to improve.

2. Improving customer service

If you do not provide quality customer service, it will be difficult to satisfy your customers even if you have an excellent product or service. This aspect of the business is about taking extra steps to make them feel special. Let your customers know that they have value. If they have a problem, make sure you address them immediately. If they have questions, take the time to answer.

They should not feel that things are difficult for them if they raise specific issues. Social media is the best way to listen to and understand your customers. If they find customer service satisfactory, they may also recommend buying others from your business.

3. Establish loyalty

It takes time to encourage customers to come and buy what you offer. But just buying them is not enough. You need to promote loyalty. Considering there are other competitors who can offer them better, you want them to stay loyal to you. Don’t be satisfied just because you already have a lot of loyal customers.

They can easily be attracted to other options and they can leave you. Provide loyalty rewards. If there are discounts and discounts, let these most loyal customers be the first to know. You must make sure your customers know they are appreciated.

4. Focus on professional development

The success of your business also depends on the quality of the employees you hire. Building an effective team is the key to making sure your business grows.

One of the best ways to motivate hardworking employees is to give them a sense of purpose. They should not feel that they have to work just to work.

5. Understand your customers

Find ways to increase the sales of your existing customers. It's much cheaper than finding a new one. Even if you can't expand your product line, you can still sell more of your existing product or service to a client you already have. An easy way to do this is by volume discount.

6. Participate in networking events

Take the time to build your networks - it's not what you know but who you know. Networking allows you to build relationships with other people and encourage customers to refer to you through words.

7. Give back to your community

Creating brand awareness in your local community is a great way to attract new business. Consider participating in a sponsorship or community event to enhance your business profile.

We will see more points in our next tutorial.

September 07, 20203 minutesauthorAnkit Kalathiya
How to use select2 with livewire

Most of the developers are facing a select2 style removing issue when livewire renders the component.

We can resolve this issue by using a livewire javascript hook.

Here is my screen with select2 before livewire component rendering.

2020-12-10_5fd2207b2f583

And when the livewire component is refreshed means re-render the select2 style is gone ☹️

2020-12-10_5fd221ec084b8

How to Fix it ?? 🤔

Well, you just need to add some JQuery code to your livewire component. Here we are going to use afterDomUpdate webhook of livewire. add the following code to your livewire component :

document.addEventListener('livewire:load', function (event) {
   window.livewire.hook('afterDomUpdate', () => {         
   $('#select2ID').select2();     
   }); 
});

livewire:load is listening events when the livewire component is loaded and we can add our code within it.

And now when your livewire component is refreshed your select2 style will be still there as we are again applying it.

Other Livewire Posts:

Stay tuned to us for more interesting stuff about livewire.

September 03, 20201 minuteauthorVishal Ribdiya
Software Testing Life Cycle

Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) identifies the test activities to perform and when to perform those test activities. While testing differs between organizations, there is a test lifecycle.

There are mainly eight phases of STLC

  1. Requirement Analysis
  2. Test Planning And Control
  3. Test Analysis
  4. Test Case Development
  5. Test Environment Setup
  6. Test Execution
  7. Exit Criteria Evaluation And Reporting
  8. Test Closure

2020-12-10_5fd21d73795c8

Requirement Analysis:-

The entry criteria for this phase is the BRS document (Business Requirements Specification). During this phase, the test team studies and analyzes the requirements from a test perspective.

This phase helps to identify whether the requirements are likely or not. If any requirement is not verifiable, the test team can communicate with various stakeholders (customer, business analyst, technical leaders, system architects, etc.) during this phase so that the mitigation strategy can be planned.

Entry criteria: BRS (Business Requirement Specification) Results

Deliverables: list of all verifiable requirements, automation feasibility report (if applicable)

Test Planning And Control:-

Test planning is the first step in the testing process. At this stage typically Test Manager Test Lead involves determining the effort and cost estimates for the entire project. The preparation of the Test Plan will be made on the basis of the requirements analysis. Activities such as resource planning, determination of roles and responsibilities, selection of tools (if automation), training requirements, etc., are carried out at this stage.

The deliverables of this phase are Test Plan & Effort estimation documents.

Entry Criteria: Requirements Documents

Deliverables: Test Strategy, Test Plan, and Test Effort estimation document.

Test Analysis:-

Test Analysis Is the process of analyzing the test basis (all documents from which the requirements of a component or system can be inferred) and defining test objectives. It covers WHAT is to be tested in the form of test conditions and can start as soon as the basis for testing is established for each test level.

Following Is The Document Which Is Use In Test Analysis:-

  • CRS (Customer Requirement Specification)
  • SRS (Software Requirement Specification)
  • BRS (Business Requirement Specification)
  • Functional Design Documents

Test Case Development:-

This phase begins after the test planning and analysis phase is completed. From test analysis, we can understand how to test and what the test condition is. So easily understand and develop the test case. In This phase, the evaluator creates the manual / automation test scripts. The test data is prepared in this phase and the data is used to find the defect. The Requirement Traceability Matrix (RTM) is also ready Because the evaluator understands tracking the test case for the particular requirement.

2020-12-10_5fd21d8345df1

Activities in the Test Case Development Phase

Following are the three activities that are carried out in the Test Case Development phase

Test Scenarios Identification

  1. Scenarios ease the testing and evaluation of a complex system. The following strategies help in creating good scenarios −
  2. Enumerate potential users, their actions, and their goals.
  3. Evaluate Users who have a hacker mindset and listed possible scenarios for abuse of the system.
  4. List System events and how the system handles these requests.
  5. List Benefits and create comprehensive tasks to verify.
  6. Read about similar systems and their behavior.
  7. Studying Complaints about competitors' products and their predecessors.

Test Cases Writing

A test case is a document, which includes test data, preconditions, expected results, and postconditions, developed for a particular test case in order to verify compliance with a specific requirement.

Test Case serves as a starting point for running the test. After a set of input, values ​​are applied; the application is final and leaves the system at an endpoint also known as a post-execution condition.

Test Data Preparation

Test Data is used to run the tests for test ware. Test Data must be precise and complete in order to detect the shortcomings. To achieve these three goals, follow a step-by-step approach as given below -

  1. Identify resources or test requirements
  2. Identify conditions/functionality to be tested
  3. Set priority test conditions
  4. Select conditions to test
  5. Determine the expected result of test case processing
  6. Create Test cases
  7. Document test
  8. conditions Conduct test
  9. Verify and correct test cases based on modifications

Activity Block Diagram

The following diagram shows the different activities that form part of Test Case Development.

2020-12-10_5fd21d921ebbe

Test Environment Setup:-

A test environment is a software and hardware configuration that allows test teams to run test cases. In other words, it supports running tests with configured hardware, software, and network. The testbed or environment is configured as needed Application Under Test. On some occasions, the test may be the combination of the test environment and the test data that it operates. Setting a good test environment guarantees successful software testing. Any Loopholes in this process can result in additional costs and time for the customer.

Process of Software Test environment setup

Tests are limited to what can be tested and what not should be tested.

Following people are involved in test environment setup

  • System Admins,
  • Developers
  • Testers
  • Sometimes users or techies with an affinity for testing.

The test environment requires setting up of a various number of distinct areas like,

Setup of Test Server

Test Every may not be performed on a local machine. It may need to create a test server that can support applications.

For example, Fedora configuration for PHP, Java-based applications with or without mail server, cron configuration, Java-based applications, and so on.

Network

Network set up as per the test requirement. It includes,

  • Internet setup
  • LAN Wi-Fi setup
  • Private network setup

It ensures that the congestion that occurs during testing doesn't affect other members. (Developers, designers, content writers, etc.)

Test PC setup

For web testing, you may need to set up different browsers for different testers. For desktop applications, you need various types of OS for different testers' PCs.

For example, Windows phone app testing may require.

  • Visual Studio installation
  • Windows phone emulator
  • Alternatively, assigning a Windows phone to the tester.

Bug Reporting

Bug reporting tools should be provided to testers.

Creating Test Data for the Test Environment

Many companies use a separate test environment to test the software product. The common approach used is to copy production data to test. This helps the tester to detect the same issues as a live production server, without corrupting the production data.

The approach for copying production data to test data includes,

  • Set up production jobs to copy the data to a common test environment
  • All PII (Personally Identifiable Information) is modified along with other sensitive data. The PII is replaced with logically correct, but non-personal data.
  • Remove data that is irrelevant to your test.

Testers or developers can copy this to their individual test environments. They can modify it as per their requirement.

Privacy is the main issue in copy production data. To overcome privacy issues you should look into obfuscated and anonymized test data.

For Anonymization of data two approaches can be used,

  • Blacklist: In this approach, all the data fields are left unchanged. Except those fields specified by the users.
  • Whitelist: By default, this approach, anonymizes all data fields. Except for a list of fields that are allowed to be copied. A whitelisted field implies that it is okay to copy the data as it is and anonymization is not required.

Also, if you are using production data, you need to be smart about how to source data. Querying the database using SQL script is an effective approach.

Every test may not be executed on a local machine. It may need establishing a test server, which can support applications.

For example, Fedora set up for PHP, Java-based applications with or without mail servers, cron set up, Java-based applications, etc.

Network

Network set up as per the test requirement. It includes,

  • Internet setup
  • LAN Wi-Fi setup
  • Private network setup

It ensures that the congestion that occurs during testing doesn't affect other members. (Developers, designers, content writers, etc.)

Test Execution:-

After The test plan, the development of the test case, and the configuration of the test environment are complete, and then the execution phase of the test is executed.

This manual test/automation script phase is executed. If any defect is detected during the execution of the test case, it will be reported to the developer through the bug tracking system.

If any test case result is a failure then this particular test case is marked as a failure.

If any test case result is matched to the expected result then a particular test case is marked as Pass.

If all module dependencies are tested and any fault is detected, the particular module test case is marked as blocked, first corrects the main module fault, and then runs the associated module test case. For example, B depends on module A.

If any fault is found in module A, the test case of module B is not executed. First correct the fault of module A then rerun the module A test case, If module A the result of the test case is Pass then run the module B execution of the test case.

Blocked Test noticed cases are executed after the fault is corrected by the developer.

2020-12-10_5fd21da3e8622

Exit Criteria Evaluation And Reporting:-

In this phase, if the exit criteria match the test result. In Termination Criteria, There is one condition that is predefined. At this stage, The test summary report is generated. A Document containing a summary of testing activities and final test results is called Test Summary Report.

Test Closure:-

In the final stage where we prepare the Test Closure Report, Test Metrics.

The testing team will be called out for a meeting to evaluate cycle completion criteria based on Test coverage, Quality, Time, Cost, Software, Business objectives.

The test team analyses the test artifacts (such as Test cases, defect reports, etc.,) to identify strategies that have to be implemented in the future, which will help to remove process bottlenecks in the upcoming projects.

Test metrics and Test closure reports will be prepared based on the above criteria.

Entry Criteria: Test Case Execution report (make sure there are no high severity defects opened), Defect report

Deliverables: Test Closure report, Test metrics

August 31, 20208 minutesauthorBhumi Khimani
Employee Morale: Play significant role in Business Development

After doing all the right things to boost productivity and still employees' productivity plunging or not increasing, we need to look at the Employee Morale. Employee Morale is a decisive factor in an Organisation whether it is the Service sector or Manufacturing unit. It is one of the cornerstones of the business, only a few organizations pay attention to morale among employees in their organization and this is the major mistake from their side as it affects productivity which ultimately reflects in Organizational Growth & Productivity.

Let’s Discuss:

  • What’s Employee Morale?
  • Characteristics of Employee Morale.
  • Relation between Morale & Productivity.

What is Employee Morale?

In simple terms employee morale is the standard of behavior of an employee which directly affects the productivity of the organization but it is a complex concept as there are ample factors that affect employee morale.

Definition:

Edwin Flippo: “ Morale is a mental condition or attitude of individual and groups which determines their willingness to cooperate”

Characteristics:

  • Psychological concept
  • Dynamic Nature
  • Group phenomenon
  • Reflect others

Psychological Concept:

Morale is a psychological phenomenon, it is the internal feeling of confidence, attitude, Zest, enthusiasm, satisfaction, etc. Moreover, it is the state of mind and emotions affecting the attitude and willingness to work that affect individual and organizational objectives.

Dynamic Nature:

Morale is Dynamic in nature; we cannot develop it overnight. Management has to make continuous efforts to build and maintain high morale among employees in the organization. It is a long-term concept.

Group Phenomenon:

Morale is not an individual phenomenon but it's the sum of the total employee’s attitude, feelings, and sentiments.

Reflect others:

We cannot measure morale directly but it is reflected in productivity, discipline, turnover, etc. To measure morale we need to look at other factors.

Relations between Morale and Productivity:

Davis Designed that there is not always a positive link between Productivity and Employee morale. There can be four combinations of Morale and Productivity

employee-morale-play-significant-role-in-business-development/1

1. High morale-High productivity

This situation is likely to occur when the employees are fully motivated to achieve high performance not only this but satisfied with all financial & nonfinancial rewards & highly satisfied with their job role. Feeling proud to be part of the organization/team.

2. High morale-low productivity

This situation occurs when the employees waste their time in the workplace or use the time to satisfy their personal goals. They don't care about organizational goals. There are many factors responsible for this kind of Employee Attitude in the workplace such as

  1. Lack of proper training,
  2. Lack of support by co-workers or leaders,
  3. Leaders/Superior behavior with him,
  4. Irresponsible Management (If we talk about It or another small service sector Irresponsible HR )
  5. Ineffective Supervision
  6. Restrictive norms of the informal group
  7. Outdated Technology & Methods

3.Low morale-High productivity

In a short period, it may be possible that with low morale Employee's productivity seems high but it is for a temporary or short span of time. Low Morale can not result in high productivity for a long time. this situation occurs when

  1. Fear of losing a job,
  2. Less availability of alternatives
  3. Strict Supervision, Rules & Regulations
  4. Punishment
  5. Policies and strategies focus on high productivity only.

4. Low morale-Low productivity

This situation occurs when the organizational & individual goals are not satisfied & other factors like

  1. Lack of motivation
  2. Unclear Job role
  3. Lack of harmonious Superior-Subordinate relationship

These all factors result in frustration, tension and grievances develop against managers which reflect low productivity. To pen down, morale is the paramount factor that gives a direct impact on productivity, Productivity impact on profitability, profitability impact on organizational growth. If the Morale is high then it will be possible to gain more fruits in the future but if it's low then it's Red Signal for any organization even the productivity is high but it will be for a short period of time only

I am not going to end the topic of Morale but will continue in the next blog with

  1. Factor determining morale
  2. Significance of high morale
  3. Impact of low morale
  4. Measurement of morale

To know about these please read my upcoming blogs of Human Resource…..

August 25, 20203 minutesauthorMariyam Bemat
Software Testing Technology

Software testing is a process of checking and validating the functionality of an application to determine if it meets specified requirements. It is about finding application faults and verifying where the application is operating according to the end-user needs.

Important Software Testing Techniques:-

  • Boundary Value Analysis (BVA)
  • Equivalence Class Partitioning
  • Decision Table based testing.
  • State Transition
  • Error Guessing
  • Boundary Value Analysis (BVA)
  1. The marginal cost assessment is based entirely on trying the boundaries between partitions. It includes maximum, minimum, internal, or external barriers, typical values, and error values. It is generally seen that numerous errors occur at the obstacles of the defined input values as opposed to the center.

  2. It is also known as BVA and offers a selection of test entities that train limit values. This black container test method improves equivalence partitioning. This software program trying one approach is based on the principle that if a machine works well for these exact values, it will paint error-free for all values that are between the two limits.

Let's see one example:

Input condition is valid between 1 and 10 Boundary values 0,1,2 and 9,10,11

Equivalence Class Partitioning

The equal class phase lets you divide a hard and fast check state into separate sections which are taken into consideration identical. The equal class division software program test technique breaks the input area of a program into a class of information, so a test case has to be designed.

Let’s see one example:

Input conditions are valid between

1 to 10 and 20 to 30

Hence, there are five equivalence classes

--- to 0 (invalid)

1 to 10 (valid)

11 to 19 (invalid)

20 to 30 (valid)

31 to --- (invalid)

You select values from each class, i.e.,

-2, 3, 15, 25, 45

Decision Table Based Testing

The decision table is known as the cause and effect table. This testing technique is suitable for input features that have a logical relationship between inputs. In this technique, combinations of inputs are processed. In order to identify the test case with the decision table, it is necessary to consider the terms, actions, and procedures. Conditions are taken as input and actions as output.

Testing Using The Decision Table In The Login Form

software-testing-technology/1

CONDITIONS - CASE 1, CASE 2, CASE 3, CASE 4

| EMAIL | F | T | F | T | PASSWORD | F | F | T | T | OUTPUT | ERROR | ERROR | ERROR | HOME SCREEN

CASE 1: Email And Password Wrong: Error Message Displayed.

CASE 2: Email True And Password Wrong, Error Message Displayed.

CASE 3: Email Wrong And Password True, Error Message Displayed.

CASE 4: Email And Password True, Redirect to Home screen

State Transition Testing Technique

In-State Transition technique changes in input conditions change the state of the Application Under Test (AUT). This testing technique allows the tester to test the behavior of an AUT. The tester can perform this action by entering various input conditions in a sequence. In-State transition technique, the testing team provides positive as well as negative input test values for evaluating the system behavior.

Presently We Make A Diagram For Forgot Password/OTP Proces

software-testing-technology/2

software-testing-technology/3

  1. First Enter the Right Number In This Text Box and Click RESET PASSWORD Button. One OTP Comes On Mobile Number.
  2. To reset the secret word you should experience the "OTP'' framework. The first run-through the client enters is "OTP '', they will be permitted to go to the secret phrase change page.
  3. In the event that the client enters mistaken "OTP '' unexpectedly and second, the framework will request the third time "OTP'' is entered.
  4. In the event that "OTP'' is valid, it will be permitted to go to the secret phrase change page, in any case, if the OTP is off base the third time, an Error Message Displayed Like "Your OTP has expired!!".

State Transition Table

ATTEMPT CORRECT PIN INCORRECT PIN

| [B1] Start | B5 | B2

| [B2] First attempt | B5 | B3

| [B3] Second attempt | B5 | B4

| [B4] third attempt | B5 | B4

| [B5] Access granted | - | -

| [B6] Account blocked | - | -

Error Guessing Technique

Error guessing is a software testing technique based on guessing the error that can appear in the code. The technique relies heavily on experience, with the test analysts using their experience to guess the problematic part of the test application. Therefore, test analysts need to be competent and experienced in order to better guess errors. The technique counts a list of possible errors or error-prone situations. Then the tester writes a test case to uncover these errors. To design test cases based on this software testing technique, the analyst can use the experience to identify the conditions.

This technique can be used at any level of testing and for testing the common mistakes like:

  • Divide by zero
  • Inserting blanks in text fields
  • Pressing the enter button without entering values
  • Uploading files that exceed the maximum limits
  • Exception null pointer.
  • Invalid parameters

Let’s see one example:

Suppose there is a requirement that the phone number be numeric and not less than 10 characters. And the software application has a phone number.

The following are the error estimation techniques:

  1. What will be the result if the cellphone number is left blank?
  2. What is the result if a character other than a digit is entered?
  3. What is the result if fewer than 10 digits are entered?
August 22, 20204 minutesauthorBhumi Khimani