Software Testing TechnologyTesting
November 28, 20204 minutesBhumi Khimani
Software testing is a process of checking and validating the functionality of an application to determine if it meets specified requirements. It is about finding application faults and verifying where the application is operating according to the end-user needs.
Important Software Testing Techniques:-
- Boundary Value Analysis (BVA)
- Equivalence Class Partitioning
- Decision Table based testing.
- State Transition
- Error Guessing
- Boundary Value Analysis (BVA)
- The marginal cost assessment is based entirely on trying the boundaries between partitions. It includes maximum, minimum, internal or external barriers, typical values, and error values. It is generally seen that numerous errors occur at the obstacles of the defined input values as opposed to the center.
- It is also known as BVA and offers a selection of test entities that train limit values. This black container test method improves equivalence partitioning. This software program trying one approach is based on the principle that if a machine works well for these exact values, it will paint error-free for all values that are between the two limits.
Let's see one example:
Input condition is valid between 1 and 10 Boundary values 0,1,2 and 9,10,11
Equivalence Class Partitioning
The equal class phase lets you divide a hard and fast of check states into separate sections which are taken into consideration identical. The equal class division software program test technique breaks the input area of a program into a class of information, so a test case has to be designed.
Let’s see one example:
Input conditions are valid between
1 to 10 and 20 to 30
Hence, there are five equivalence classes
--- to 0 (invalid)
1 to 10 (valid)
11 to 19 (invalid)
20 to 30 (valid)
31 to --- (invalid)
You select values from each class, i.e.,
-2, 3, 15, 25, 45
Decision Table Based Testing
The decision table is known as the cause and effect table. This testing technique is suitable for input features that have a logical relationship between inputs. In this technique, combinations of inputs are processed. In order to identify the test case with the decision table, it is necessary to consider the terms, actions, and procedures. Conditions are taken as input and actions as output.
Testing Using The Decision Table In The Login Form
CONDITIONS CASE 1 CASE 2 CASE 3 CASE 3
| EMAIL | F | T | F | T
| PASSWORD | F | F | T | T
| OUTPUT | ERROR | ERROR | ERROR | HOME SCREEN
CASE 1: Email And Password Wrong: Error Message Displayed.
CASE 2: Email True And Password Wrong, Error Message Displayed.
CASE 3: Email Wrong And Password True, Error Message Displayed.
CASE 4: Email And Password True, Redirect to Home screen
State Transition Testing Technique
In-State Transition technique changes in input conditions change the state of the Application Under Test (AUT). This testing technique allows the tester to test the behavior of an AUT. The tester can perform this action by entering various input conditions in a sequence. In-State transition technique, the testing team provides positive as well as negative input test values for evaluating the system behavior.
Presently We Make A Diagram For Forgot Password/OTP Proces
- First Enter Right Number In This Text Box and Click RESET PASSWORD Button. One OTP Comes On Mobile Number.
- To reset the secret word should experience the "OTP" framework. The first run through the client enters the right "OTP", they will be permitted to go to the secret phrase change page.
- In the event that the client enters mistaken "OTP" unexpectedly and second, the framework will request the third time "OTP" is entered.
- In the event that "OTP" is valid, it will be permitted to go to the secret phrase change page, in any case, if the OTP is off base the third time, Error Message Displayed Like "Your OTP has been expired!!".
State Transition Table
ATTEMPT CORRECT PIN INCORRECT PIN
| [B1] Start | B5 | B2
| [B2] First attempt | B5 | B3
| [B3] Second attempt | B5 | B4
| [B4] third attempt | B5 | B4
| [B5] Access granted | - | -
| [B6] Account blocked | - | -
Error Guessing Technique
Error guessing is a software testing technique based on guessing the error that can appear in the code. The technique relies heavily on experience, with the test analysts using their experience to guess the problematic part of the test application. Therefore, test analysts need to be competent and experienced in order to better guess errors. The technique counts a list of possible errors or error-prone situations. Then the tester writes a test case to uncover these errors. To design test cases based on this software testing technique, the analyst can use the experience to identify the conditions.
This technique can be used at any level of testing and for testing the common mistakes like:
- Divide by zero
- Inserting blanks in text fields
- Pressing the enter button without entering values
- Uploading files that exceed the maximum limits
- Exception null pointer.
- Invalid parameters
Let’s see one example:
Suppose there is a requirement that the phone number be numeric and not less than 10 characters. And the software application has a phone number.
The following are the error estimation techniques:
- What will be the result if the cellphone number is left blank?
- What is the result if a character other than a digit is entered?
- What is the result if fewer than 10 digits are entered?