How To Setup SSH key in Windows

Laravel
January 10, 20223 minutesuserShailesh Ladumor
How To Setup SSH key in Windows

In this article, I show you how to set up SSH in windows10,

first of all, you have a question what is the ssh key, and why do we need it?

you can watch this video or follow an article.

Let me explain a bit more, An SSH key is a secure access credential used in the Secure Shell protocol. SSH keys use key pairs based on public key infrastructure technology, the gold standard for digital identity authentication and encryption, to provide a secure and scalable method of authentication. as you know all developers use git for pushing, fetching, and pulling their code from GitLab, GitHub, and any other tools.

So, using SSH key you can use git for your repository and get authentication from GitHub or any tool where you add ssh.

When you set up an SSH key, you create a key pair that contains a private key (saved to your local computer) and a public key.

So, Let's Set up SSH for Git on Windows

Step1: Set up your default identity

firs of all open your terminals like gitbash or cmDer.

  • Now, type the command ssh-keygen and enter and command prompts you for a file to save the key in:

$ssh-keygen Generating public/private rsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key (/c/Users/emmap1/.ssh/id_rsa):

  • Press enter to accept the default key and path,/c/Users/<username>/.ssh/id_rsa. or you can specify the path and then press enter.

  • Enter and re-enter a passphrase when prompted.

  • final out put in your terminal is look likes,

    ssh-keygen 
    Generating public/private rsa key pair.
    Enter file in which to save the key (/c/Users/shailesh/.ssh/id_rsa):
    Created directory '/c/Users/shailesh/.ssh'.
    Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
    Enter the same passphrase again:
    Your identification has been saved in /c/Users/shailesh/.ssh/id_rsa.
    Your public key has been saved in /c/Users/shailesh/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
    The key fingerprint is: e7:94:d1:a3:02:ee:38:6e:a4:5e:26:a3:a9:f4:95:d4 shailesh@InfyOm-PC
  • Let's navigate to path cd /c/Users/shailesh/.ssh/ and fire ls command for confirming file generated or not.

  • ls command displays two files, one for the public key (for example id_rsa.pub) and one for the private key (for example, id_rsa) if successfully generated.

Step 2: Add SSH in Bitbucket.

  • let's fire command cat id_rsa.pub on the terminal and make sure you stay on the .ssh directory.
  • Now, you can see the key in the terminal. so, copy it and add it to bitbucket. click here for Bitbucket and here for Github to add SSH to your account.

Step 3: Add the SSH key to the ssh-agent.

fire command $eval ssh-agent into the terminal and you get output like Agent pid 9795. 9765 PID may be different in your PC.

Step 4: Check Login in terminal

fire command ssh -T git@bitbucket.org in your terminal and you can get output like

Warning: Permanently added the RSA host key for IP address '104.192.141.1' to the list of known hosts.
authenticated via ssh key.

You can use git to connect to Bitbucket. Shell access is disabled

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