What is GUI Testing?
GUI Testing is a type of testing in which an applications’ Graphical User Interface (GUI) is tested to make sure it is in line with the expectations. GUI testing involves checking the objects on the UI (User Interface), which are the objects that we can see on the screen. Anything the user sees in the system or application is a GUI. Let us consider that if you visit a website, then the homepage is the GUI (graphical user interface) of the site. The source code will not be visible as the user can see only the UI interface. Mainly the focus of GUI testing is on the design pattern, images, alignment, spellings and the overall look and feel of the UI.
Why do we need GUI testing?
To get the answer you need to think as a user, not as a tester. It is the User Interface of the Software/Application that is a deciding factor to know whether a user is going to use the Application further or not. The looks and designs of the Application/Software are what a typical user will first look at. Secondly, he checks how easy it will be for him to understand and navigate through the UI. If the Software/Application is more complex and not appealing or if the user is not comfortable with the Interface design, then he is not going to use that Application again. That’s the reason, GUI testing is a matter for concern and should be taken very seriously. Also, proper testing should be carried out in order to make sure that GUI is free from any issues.
How to create test cases and how to do GUI testing?
UI Testing mostly involves the checking the various elements on the screen for their look and feel, the test cases should be written in such a way that they validate the following points for each of the UI objects. Size, position, width, and height of the objects with reference to other objects on the screen, Error messages displayed on the screen, the color and font of the error message. Errors are normally in Red color. Readable and inconsistent across the application unless specified by the client. Checking the same screen in different resolution with the help of zooming in and zooming out like 640 x 480, 600×800, etc. Also if there is a requirement you may want to check it in a mobile browser as well. Font color, hyperlink color, error/warning message color, etc. Quality of the images on the screen, if applicable. Spellings, grammar, and punctuations. Scrollbars according to the size of the page if any. Checking disabled fields if any. Checking the size of the images.
Challenges in GUI Testing:
The list of GUI test cases can be very exhaustive and time-consuming and it requires a lot of manual effort and the quality of the testing would depend on the skills of the tester. Number of automation tools available is very limited GUI is usually unstable during the initial development phases, so GUI testing is postponed to the end of the testing cycle, which sometimes creates a time crunch.
What Is ERP Testing?
Before going into ERP testing, we've to know about the ERP. ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning. ERP Testing is critical since each business can customise its workflow depending on the needs of their organisation. When doing ERP testing, the tester has got to understand the business workflows, data flows, and ERP modules. Then only he/she are going to be ready to test and ensure the system implementation is suiting their organisation.
How To Do ERP Testing?
ERP Testing mainly focuses generally on functional testing and performance testing. The next preference is given for the mixing between the modules and therefore the data flows. ERP testing are often done either manually or automatically. ERP testing are often wiped out the below phases:
Identify the business processes and define the scope of testing.
- Setting up a test system.
- Prepare Test Plan.
- Prepare the test suites.
- Create test data sets.
- Write test cases.(manual/automated)
- Test Execution.
- Prepare Test Reports.
Different Types Of ERP Testing
Functional Testing: Functional testing will cover the aspects of compatibility, localisation, integration with other systems, etc. The testing are often done either manually or by automation. This is the primary testing type got to be conducted since the functional workflow should work flawlessly. After functional testing completed, the opposite sorts of testing got to be performed. The testing are often done by manual or automated testing.
Integration Testing: Integration testing usually conducted when an application is interacting with multiple components. The components need to be tested individually. After the completion of the testing of the modules, it must be tested with all components as an entire workflow. Then only the system should work sort of a single unit at the top after integration seamlessly.
Performance Testing: Performance testing usually conducted to make sure what percentage users can access the system at an equivalent time and what's the reaction time during that. The user volume and therefore the concurrent usage are going to be more after the implementation of ERP systems. It is critical to try to to the performance testing of the ERP system since it's to interact with multiple applications.
Security Testing: Security testing is conducted to make sure that the system follows the quality security policies and rules. It helps to spot risks, threats, and vulnerabilities of the system. After identifying the vulnerabilities, those should be fixed and tested before the implementation of the ERP system.
Below are the followings points which can we learn from other competitors about beta testing.
The important thing that you can learn from your competitors is how they proceed with the beta testing and how they strategise their every action. They prepared several instructions before proceeding with the beta testing. Proper project planning should be written down and agreed upon by the other fellow mates. The objective of the beta testing and how you’re going to achieve that goal should be clear.
If you’ve ever looked at the team of other competitors who include professional beta testers, they are able to achieve their work more easily. You can also gather a team of professionals with experience in the beta testing. Their opinions and aspects would be totally different which will provide various working conditions which can be used for the beta testing procedure.
If you want to improve your structure of software or modifying it, you can learn how the other competitors take feedback from their users. By taking the proper feedback from their users they alter every single of the bugs or error which shows up during the beta testing procedure. You can also improve your software by taking feedbacks from your user when they start using the beta software. The feedback can be in the form of bugs report, quotes, suggestions or surveys.
Learn the major tools which are being used by the other software testing companies and try to understand the concepts of different tools which are used in the beta testing procedure. Thus it would be a great thing to learn from the other top companies and follow their footsteps. Try using different tools and adapt them.
Many of your competitors may use beta testing as a marketing strategy. They strategise their market planning and create awareness among the users about the beta software. It helps in creating a buzz among the beta users and creates eagerness among them. Thus you can also use this type of strategy to engage your beta users and create more eagerness among them. This will help in the involvement of a beta user if there is a new version of the beta software which is going to update.
If you want to make your application more useful, you need to understand what platforms you are using to test your software. Learn from the other competitors and see which platforms they are using for beta testing of their software. You can learn to release an app which can perform on more than one platform with more than one different ways of performance. This is the best way to make your software more usable by doing tests on different platforms which you can learn from your competitors.
You can use the tool which your competitors use to save time by taking the valuable feedback from the beta users. This will help you to take valuable feedback from the user directly to your tool services. You don’t have to ask them over a phone or visit them. This tool will help you to set up a particular email ID which can be used to catch feedback from the users.
You can learn simple to complex things from your competitors. The simplest thing which your competitors can teach you is the patience and integrity. You don’t have to falter when your QA testified software comes up with a lot of errors and bug while running beta testing. There are many companies which face failures and still come up with a great solution for their services.
Your competitors may use quantity of beta testers to test their software in a real You can also get a large number of beta testers who are professional in testing the software under real-work conditions. This will help you to get a plenty of feedback on different aspects of your software. Always look for the quality beta testers and invite them for beta testing.
The last thing you can learn from your competitors is how they handle their feedback and bugs reports. How fast they can be to provide the solution to that problem. You can have an effective team of experts which can take this valuable feedback and without wasting any time comes up with a solution and makes your software error Major companies solve their bug issue in just a few times after getting a feedback.
User Acceptance Technique is widely used for its efficiency and effectiveness.If we followed all steps of User Acceptance correctly then it will increase the satisfaction of a Customer.
UAT is a process of verifying that a Software or a System works appropriately as per the User Requirement.The main purpose of this testing is to ensure that a software system is all set to be in front of users in a real world.This testing phase also known as Beta and End-user testing and is mostly considered during the web development process to ensure that software is ready for the final installation for the Client site.
Types of User Acceptance Testing
- Alpha & Beta Testing: Alpha testing is done by the staff members only on an internal whereas beta testing includes the Customer's environment with the help of some customer who will going to use our System or Software.
- Black Box Testing: This type of functional testing includes all functionalities of the System without knowing the internal code structure.
- Contract Acceptance Testing: In Contract type testing, software is tested against some criteria which are already predefined in a proper contract.
- Operational Acceptance Testing: This type of Acceptance testing ensure that all the workflow used in system are working properly.
- Regulation Acceptance Testing: Compliance Acceptance Testing helps in investigate the software fulfils all the guidelines of legal and governmental process.
Criteria Before Perform User Acceptance Testing
- Entire application code should be up to date.
- Integration testing, unit testing and System testing must be completed before we perform User Acceptance Testing.
- There should not be any high/medium faults in the Integration phase of Testing.
- There must be no major defect in the Regression Testing.
- All the error/defects must get solved which we face during the testing and then testing should be done again to verify the error got fixed or not.
Involvement of Users in User Acceptance Testing:
The group is most essential for the UAT must include real end users that will going to perform a test on your system.The stakeholder and other group must incorporated that means an individual of every group is involved in the development phase must be in the team.
Start User Acceptance Testing:
After the explanation of UAT as above, you must get clear about what and why UAT must include in the software development phase. Mainly there are total of four steps that must be considered but it will depend on the number of user that will take advantage of software. The main criteria that must be followed in the software are the ‘working’ requirement of the assembled application. You can easily get a hang of it from the stories of users or system requirements. The second step is to create some test cases for UAT. User Acceptance Testcases are the test steps sets, expected results and execution conditions must be developed for some specific purpose.
These are some main points of the User Acceptance Testing that is used in the development cycle. The projects are reduced to the like of any errors that are elevated and it will reduce the total work required in the maintenance or development phase. On above all of that , you will get a happy and satisfied user that will give you more revenue.
What is Use Case Testing and How to Prepare a Test Case for Testing?
In the phases and life cycle of software development, use case plays an important role. The entire process depends on the actions of the user and the response by the system to the actions. Hence it can be seen as documentation of the actions which is performed by the user or actor and then the corresponding interaction by the system to those actions. Not all the use cases result in achieving the goal by a user to the interactions with the system.
In a use case, the system responds to the situation or behavior. It is user-oriented rather than system-oriented. That is, they are actions that are done by the actor/user and not the output produced by the system. Hence the development team writes the ‘use cases’ as this phase depends on them. The writer of use cases, a team of development, customers, all of them together contribute towards the creation of use cases and testing.
What is Use Case Document?
Use case documentation helps to complete an overview of all the several ways in which the user interacts with the system to achieve the desired objective. The documentation will help to check the requirements for the software system and what is lacking in this process.
Who will use the Use Case Document?
As the documentation helps to get an overview of ways in which users can interact with the system, better documentation is always required for easier results. This documentation will be useful to the software developers and software testers along with the stakeholders.
There are several types of uses for these documents. It helps developers to implement the code and design the same. Further, testers use them to create test cases. Business stakeholders, on other hand, use the documentation in order to understand how the software works and their respective requirements.
Elements in Use Case Testing
The major elements of the use cases are brief introductions which help to explain the case.
- Actor, that is, the users which are involved in use case actions.
- Precondition, which is the conditions that need to be satisfied before the case begins.
- Basic Flow, or the main scenario which is a normal workflow in the system. In other words, this is a flow of transactions done by actors to accomplish their goals.
- Alternate flow, which is a less common interaction done by an actor with a system
- Exception flow, which prevents a user from achieving the goal
- Postconditions that are required to be checked after the case is finished.
How to Prepare Test cases?
It is best if the test cases for the main scenario are written first and then written second for alternate steps. These steps in test cases are from use case documents. Cases are supposed to be required as steps and the user or actor must be able to enter the same. Test design techniques can be used and developed to help reduce the number of test cases which can help reduce the time taken for testing.
Writing test cases and testing is an iterative process. Practice and knowledge of domain and system are required in this case. Using case testing in applications can be used to find missing links and incomplete requirements. Finding and modifying the same will bring efficiency and accuracy into the system domain.
SaaS testing is the process of conducting a test case on an on-demand software or web-based software system. Software testing as a service is different from testing on-premises applications because SaaS-based application testing requires access to browsers and is centered around web application testing methods.
The software tests robust SaaS performance testing plans against real-world traffic in a cloud environment to confirm that the service is available, useful, and optimized for all web concurrent users at all times. By adhering to the best practices of SaaS testing, your team can quickly deploy updates and upgrades, increase ROI, and increase user satisfaction.
SaaS-Based Solutions: 4 Reasons to Testing
Reason 1. Smart scalability
The option to change software capabilities immediately upon request allows tenants to save costs on using cloud services. What's more, SaaS vendors use auto-scaling mechanisms that diagnose the amount of current users and adjust the software according to sizing needs.
Reason 2. Regular and rapid updates
Within the tight relationship with the SAS provider, the shortcomings and modifications of all solutions go through it. As a rule, the process of correcting errors and making changes is quick and frequent. Therefore, a robust QA strategy should be defined to optimize the snowfall of test scenarios on short notice.
Reason 3. Multi-tenancy
SaaS opportunities to use shared cloud resources make it affordable for a range of different organizations and streamline software support. Within the approach of providing access to multiple customers, each tenant's data is different and remains invisible to other subscribers. However, the sheer number of connections with a vendor can cause difficulties in compatibility and integration. In this case, improving the quality of the API may be the escape solution.
Reason 4. Adjustable architecture
One more reason why companies choose SaaS is the ability to customize and specify settings that perfectly match the needs of the business. And this requires thorough supervision, as improper operation of the IT solution can lead to defects after adding some modifications that can exacerbate the increased churning rate.
Therefore, in these specifications, SaaS testing is more complex than testing cloud and on-premises apps, which gathers more demand and a more in-depth attitude towards QA activities.
Now Let's see main points to get Upscale SaaS-Based Solutions
1. Functional testing
Testing all levels of connections between IT product components, including units, their integration and system testing, QA experts check the proper management of efficiency. Notably, the general requirements include numerous cases corresponding to casual user scenarios. Checking numerous configuration combinations makes testing more complete.
2. Performance testing
While on-premises applications are based on the user's environment, the customer experience in SaaS-based products may be influenced by others. Thus, performance checks are necessary - to run stress and load tests, QA engineers identify the above limitations of software capability and evaluate its behavior under the expected number of concomitant users.
3. Interoperability testing
SaaS based products perform flawlessly against various browsers and platforms as a prerequisite. Before conducting the interoperability test, the QA team estimates the most preferred browsers and platforms and isolates the browsers used by a few clients to exclude them. With every browser or platform tested, QA specialists cover the full scope of test configuration and provide seamless software operation for a wide range of users.
4. Usability testing
Intending to reduce churn rates and build long-term relationships with end users, companies primarily strive to enhance the customer experience with convenient app usage. By providing simple information architecture, simple workflow and interaction as well as visual readability and adequate feedback on commonly used functions, the individual can satisfy customers through a user-friendly application.
5. Security testing
Within sensitive data, SaaS-based solutions need to enable highly secure storage and disposal of information. Accepting casual accounts and roles, these applications require full validation of access control. To identify vulnerabilities and avoid data breaches, QA experts perform penetration testing, exploring potential barriers.
6. Compliance with requirements
Winning the competition also assumes meeting worldwide standards. Depending on the industry, HIPAA checklists for health products, OWASP security recommendations for any-domain web and mobile applications, GDPR to enable secure data storage and worldwide transfers and much more may be required to conduct software testing.
7. API testing
API testing is required between organizations delivering SaaS products, in conjunction with customer platforms and other third-party solutions. With it, instead of using default user inputs and outputs, QA engineers run positive and negative views of calls on APIs and analyze responses to system interactions. Such an approach allows in advance to ensure that the API application and the calling solution work properly. It focuses primarily on the business logic layer of software architecture.
8. Regression testing
Once the new functionality is implemented, it needs to be verified that the latest improvements have not affected the developed features. Being an elaborate and cumbersome process, the SaaS regression test includes all the test types mentioned above and a range of test cases involving more.
InfyOm has experience delivering comprehensive QA assistance with solid regression testing. Learn how our QA engineers tested and streamlined the software, ensuring the quality of the SaaS platform for public housing authorities.
Once you decide to build a true bug-free SaaS application, IT strategy needs to add SaaS testing to its specifications that include the use of Wise Cloud resources, prompt updates, multi-tenancy and customization.
By introducing QA tips from the InfyOm list, one can improve the quality of solutions, obtain the required business and operational values, and reduce churning rates.
Why Is Cross-Browser Testing Important?
Which types of issues facing in cross-browser testing?
- Missing CSS resets
- Font size and image orientation mismatch
- No support for HTML5
- Inconsistent page alignment
- Layout incompatibility with browser
- Mismatches in frameworks or library versions
What Measures Are Involved in Cross-Browser Testing?
Compatibility testing includes everything, but you may not always have the time for that. To do it right, product teams constrain their testing with a test specification document (test specs) which outlines broad essentials—a list of features to test, what browsers/versions/ platforms to test on in order to meet the compatibility benchmark, test scenarios, timelines, and budget.You can categorise the features that will undergo testing like this:
- Base Functionality: To ensure that basic functionality works on most browser-OS combinations. For example, you could be testing to verify that:
- All dialogs boxes and menus are working as intended
- All form fields accept inputs after validating them correctly
- Website handles first-party cookies (and features like personalisation that are dependent on them) correctly seamless touch input for mobiles or tablets.
- Design: This ensures that the website’s appearance—fonts, images, and layout—matches the specifications shared by the Design team.
- Accessibility: Accounts for compliance with Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) to enable differently-abled users to access the website.
- Responsiveness: Verifies that design is fluid and fits different screen sizes/orientations.
In our previous tutorial, we had seen the most common security threats. Let's see Main Seven Tips and its Recommendations on How You Can Protect Yourself from These Threats are mention below.
1. Saved Login Credentials
It is recommended not to save credentials in the browser. Instead, use password managers like Password Safe and KeePass to store credentials.
Password managers work through a central master password and help you keep your website passwords secure.
You can also set the administrator to access a saved login or URL, depending on your convenience and security reasons.
2. Removable Browsing History
Deleting the browser cache is a way to remove risky information, especially when engaging in confidential activities such as online banking. This step can be performed manually in the browser or set to automatic when the browser is closed. Another way to stay protected from this threat is to use Incognito or Private Browsing mode, where no saves can be harvested.
3. Disable Cookies
The best solution to the threat of cookies is to disable them when using your browser.
However, it is not exceptional, as many websites rely on cookies and thus get limited access to their functionality once they are turned off.
Disabling cookies may also result in annoying prompts. Getting rid of cookies on a periodic basis can help you protect your browser, beware of duplicate information by websites as a side effect of it.
4. Reduce Browser Cache by using Incognito Mode
Protection from such threats can be achieved through incognito browsing as well as by manually clearing the cache as per the requirement, especially after a sensitive browser search.
5. Look for Standard Java Configuration
Java is a widely used language for running Windows and other operating system-related code. It is designed in such a way that the applets inside it run in a separate sandbox environment, which helps prevent them from accessing other operating system components and applications. But more often than not, these vulnerabilities allow small applications to escape from the sandbox environment and cause the threat.
To avoid Java-related threats, search and choose a standard Java security configuration that works best with your browser as well as PC and deploy these configurations through a key source such as Group Policy.
6. Third-Party Plugins or Extensions
7. Ads Popping up and Redirects
Pop-up ads are well-known malicious ads that can be particularly confusing and difficult to work with. They regularly give false notifications, for example, they confirm that PC you have an infection and encourage you to submit their antivirus to activate it. Usually, malware is the thing that really ends up happening. These popups are questionable to close because often there is no X to do it like this.
The best alternative is to close the program completely or use Task Manager in Windows / Execution direction in Linux to close the application.
That's it. If you want to harm-free system, take these tips and apply them to your Web-application. It will help to protect from security threats.